Falls are a significant concern for seniors, often leading to serious injuries and a decline in overall health. However, improving balance can greatly reduce the risk of falls.

Australian and international studies have identified that approximately one in three people aged 65 years and over fall each year, with 10 per cent having multiple falls and more than 30 per cent experiencing injuries requiring medical attention.

Source: https://www.health.vic.gov.au/

The rates of falls and associated injuries are higher for older people in hospital settings and residential care (Hill et al. 2004).

senior falling

Improving your balance may save you from a fall injury.

Understanding the Importance of Balance

Balance is the ability to maintain control of body movement, whether standing still or moving. It involves the coordination of multiple body systems, including the muscles, joints, and the vestibular system in the inner ear.

As we age, these systems can weaken, making balance more challenging. Improving balance can help seniors stay active, avoid injuries, and boost confidence in their daily activities.

Effective Exercises for Better Balance

Tai Chi

This ancient Chinese practice involves slow, deliberate movements and deep breathing.

Tai Chi is known for improving balance, flexibility, and strength.

It’s a low-impact exercise suitable for seniors, providing a gentle yet effective workout.

Standing on One Leg

This simple exercise can be done anywhere. Start by standing behind a sturdy chair, holding onto it for support.

Lift one foot off the ground and hold the position for 10-15 seconds. Switch legs and repeat.

Gradually increase the duration as balance improves.

Heel-to-Toe Walk

This exercise helps improve coordination and balance.

Walk in a straight line, placing the heel of one foot directly in front of the toes of the other foot.

Take slow, deliberate steps, focusing on maintaining balance.


Leg Raises

Leg raises strengthen the muscles around the hips and improve stability.

While standing behind a chair, lift one leg to the side, keeping it straight.

Hold for a few seconds, then lower it slowly. Repeat 10-15 times on each leg.

Seated Marching

For those with limited mobility, seated marching is an excellent option.

Sit in a sturdy chair with your feet flat on the floor.

Lift one knee towards your chest, then lower it and repeat with the other leg.

This exercise helps improve balance and coordination.

Additional Tips for Reducing Fall Risks

Home Safety Modifications: Ensure that the home environment is safe. Remove tripping hazards such as loose rugs and electrical cords. Install grab bars in the bathroom and ensure good lighting throughout the house.

Regular Vision and Hearing Check-ups: Vision and hearing impairments can affect balance. Regular check-ups and corrective measures, such as glasses or hearing aids, can help maintain these senses.

Proper Footwear: Wear shoes that fit well and provide adequate support. Avoid wearing slippers or shoes with slippery soles.

Stay Active: Regular physical activity keeps muscles strong and joints flexible. Activities like walking, swimming, and yoga can help maintain overall fitness and balance.

Healthy Diet and Hydration: Proper nutrition and staying hydrated are essential for overall health, including balance. Ensure a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals to support muscle and bone health.

The Role of Professional Help

If balance issues are severe, consulting a healthcare professional is crucial. Physical therapists, including Musculoskeletal Therapists, can design personalised exercise programs to address specific balance problems and provide guidance on using assistive devices if necessary.

If you would like to discuss your concerns about balance, contact Michael RE Butler on 0419 813 873 



Improving balance is a key component in reducing the risk of falls for seniors. Through regular exercise, home safety modifications, and maintaining overall health, seniors can enhance their stability and confidence.

These proactive steps may help prevent falls and contribute to a more active and fulfilling life.